What is a Floor Plan?
A floor plan is a scaled diagram that shows the view of a room or building from above. It can depict an entire building, one floor of a building, or a single room. The floor plan is made to visualize if there is enough space in a room for the intended purpose. It is useful to help design furniture layout, wiring systems, etc. The best thing about the floor plan is that, with proper guidance, you can always draw a floor plan by hand.
Why is Floor Plan Important?
Real Estate agents and leasing companies usually get the most benefits of floor plans. By using a floor plan, you can get a better visual presentation of spaces and rooms. It can demonstrate the scope and scale of any project and efficiently measures built-in equipment to avoid any major mistakes. Suppose, you want to move into a property with 3 bedrooms. A 3-bedroom floor plan with dimensions can help figure out how you get the best use of your space or if space is enough for your intended purpose.
Drawing Floor Plan
So, how do you draw a floor plan by hand? Before the advancement of technology, architects used to draw floor plans by hand. Drawing a floor plan to scale can be time-consuming. If you decide to spend that extra time on drawing a scaled floor it will always be worth your time. Although sketching a rough outline can sometimes serve your purpose, it is always better to have a proper measurement. You can easily draw a floor plan following proper instruction.
Things you need
- A laser measure
- Graph paper
- A pencil and
Take Wall Measurements
Run a laser measure putting the bottom to one wall aiming it to the wall across the room. Make sure it is level and not angled. Although a simple square room takes only two measurements, it is better to take measurements for each section of the wall.
Draw Rough Sketch of Measurements
Draw a rough sketch of the room/ building in a plain paper (no need of ruler). If the room is a basic square room, then draw a square figure and write the measurements (for feet/inches write in form 11′ 6″ or 10′ 3¼”, and metric measurements write 4.5m or 6.25m). If the drawing is for property start from the outside.
Convert the measurements to a graph paper
Use a typical 8 in × 10.5 in (20 cm × 27 cm) graph paper with a grid of .25 in (0.64 cm) squares. This way you can adjust the measurements without scale ruler. For a room no bigger than 40 ft × 30 ft, one square foot can easily fit into one square.
Adding Doors and Windows
Measure all the doors and windows with their width of opening (without frames), and the distance from either side to the corners of the wall. Draw each window with double lines and doors with single lines. Use an arch for fully opened doors.
Add Built-in Fixtures
Built-in fixtures can include cabinets, kitchen appliances, and bathroom fixtures. Convert those into scale, e.g. cabinets can be 2 feet to 1 foot deep, lower cabinets are drawn in solid lines while upper ones with dashes.
Label the rooms and build in fixtures to ensure their proper location. Bedrooms should be labeled with numbers with the master bedroom being number 1.